Class 10 English guide 2080 unit 1 Open Letter to UN Secretary, has the complete exercises and notes. it will be very helpful to the students.
A. Fill in the blanks with the correct words given below.
[tackle, corporate, outrage, catalyse, at stake, net-zero, expertise]
a. The ….. headquarters of the company is in Dubai.corporate
b. According to Greta, the leaders are failing to ……. the key issues.tackle
c. Some viruses ….. the step in the production of other viruses.catalyse
d. His ….. in business helped him greatly to run the company.expertise
e. Nepal governinonl plans to reduce carbon dioxide enmissions to …….net-zero
f. He does not have good knowledge of business. So, he has put his investment …..at stake
g. His controversial remarks caused public ……outrage
B. Write whether the following scnlcnccs are ‘True’ or ‘False’. Write ‘Not Given’ if the information is not found in the letter.
a. Save the Children congratulates Antonio Guterres on his recent appointment as the General Secretary of thc UN.Not Given
b. The Youth Advisory Group on Climate Change was announced on the request of the children between 18-21 years of age.False
c. The dissatisfaction is that the representation of children is not inclusive.True
d. Greta Thunberg protested for the right to a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment.True
e. The children demand their physical safety in the UK and Italy.Not Given
f. The children think that they can participate in decision making to fight against the climate crisis.True
C. Answer the following questions.
a. Where is the office of the UN Secretary General?Answer: The office of the UN Secretary General is in New York.
b. What is the purpose of writing this letter to Antonio Guterres?Answer: The purpose of writing this letter to Antonio Guterres is to request him to include children and adolescents younger than 18 in the Youth Advisory Group on Climate Change.
c. Why was the Youth Advisory Group announced?Answer: The Youth Advisory Group was announced to advise Antonio Guterres on accelerating global action and the ambition to tackle the worsening climate crisis.
d. Whal roles have children played in the time of climate crisis?Answer: Children have played the role of agents of change in the climate debate using their channels of influence – schools, social media, and street protest – to catalyze global activism on the climate crisis.
e. Describe Greta Thunberg and Fabrizio’s contributions.Answer: Greta Thunberg sparked the global movement through an inspiring solo protest in 2018 and children like Fabrizio are vocal in their anxiety that our dash to economic recovery will scupper climate change and net-zero commitments.
f. What is the final demand of the children?The final demand of the children is to make the Youth Advisory Group on climate change inclusive of children and adolescents younger than 18, respecting their right to be heard and to contribute their children a safe space to influence these upcoming preparatory events.
D. As a student, what roles can you play to control climate change and its effects?
To control climate change and its effects, we can play the given roles:
– Reducing the carbon footprint by using public transport, walking or cycling instead of driving, and consuming less meat and dairy.
– Conserving energy by turning off lights and unplugging electronics when not in use, and using energy-efficient appliances.
– Using less water by taking shorter showers, fixing leaks, and using a refillable water bottle instead of single-use plastic bottles.
– Educating others about climate change and its impacts, and advocating for policy changes at the local, national, and international level.
– Supporting renewable energy and other sustainable practices by investing in green technologies and supporting businesses and organizations that prioritize sustainability.
A. Choose the correct alternatives to complete the sentences.
a. Abhilasha said that she witnessed the accident.
b. The teacher explained that the earth revolves round the sun.
c. Smarika says that she can’t stay here anymore.
d. Sachita says that she loves to listen to music.
e. My brother reported that he had completed his homework.
f. My father said that the sun is very hot.
g. Jenifer said that she wants to be a nurse.
B. Rewrite the following sentences in indirect speech.
a. Raima said, “We had to cross the river and go ahead.Answer: Raima said that they had to cross the river and go ahead.
b. Smarika said, ” I will meet you tomorrow, friends.”Answer: Smarika said that she would meet her friends the following day.
c. “I can’t come to school tomorrow,” Chandani said.Answer: Chandani said that she couldn’t come to school the following day.
d. Dorje said, “Sorry, I cannot lend you any money today.”Answer: Dorje said that he could not lend me any money that day and apologized for it.
e. The teacher said, “Now, you can solve the remaining problems yourselves.”Answer: The teacher said that we could solve the remaining problems ourselves then.
f. The police said, “The incident probably took place yesterday.”Answer: The police said that the incident probably took place the day before.
g. I said to him, “I live in Changunarayan these days.”Answer: I told him that I lived in Changunarayan those days.
h. They said to us, “We would like to join you too.”Answer: They told us that they would like to join us too.
i. The Science teacher said, “The coal gives off thick smoke.”Answer: The Science teacher said that the coal gave off thick smoke.
j. Resham said, “I have never seen such a strange animal anywhere else.”Answer: Resham said that she had never seen such a strange animal anywhere else.
k. “I love my children more than wealth,” the father said.Answer: The father said that he loved his children more than wealth.
Write a letter to the Mayor of your municipality or the Chairperson of your rural municipality requesting him/her to involve the representatives of children in the decision making process related to children’s issues in your municipality/rural municipality.
March 3, 2023
Pokhara Metropolitan CityPokhara, Nepal
I am writing this letter to express my concern regarding the lack of representation of children in decision-making processes related to issues affecting them in our metro politant city.
As a responsible citizen and a student, I feel it is imperative that we involve children in these discussions as they are the ones who are most affected by the decisions that are taken.
I would like to request you to kindly consider involving representatives of children in decision-making processes related to children’s issues in our municipality/rural municipality. Children are often the most vulnerable members of our community, and their needs and concerns must be taken into account while making decisions that affect them. I believe that this would not only help in creating a more inclusive decision-making process but also foster a sense of responsibility and ownership among the children.
As we all know, climate change is a growing concern globally, and children are among the most affected by its consequences. Therefore, it is imperative that we listen to their voices and take steps to mitigate its effects. I am confident that by involving them in the decision-making process, we will be able to come up with more effective solutions to the problems that we are facing.
I would be grateful if you could consider my request and take the necessary steps to involve representatives of children in decision-making processes related to children’s issues in our municipality/rural municipality.
I believe that this would be a positive step towards creating a more inclusive and sustainable community.
Thank you for your attention to this matter.