Class 10 English guide 2080 unit 15 Sugarloaf Mountain 5 Interesting Facts has the complete exercises and notes. it will be very helpful to the students.
A. Match these words with their meanings.
a. landlmark- viii. covered with buildings across a large area
b. spectacular- v. very impressive
c. sprawling- iii. a piece of land that is almost entirely surrounded by water and is attached to a larger land area
d. tranquil- iv. calm, quiet, and peaceful
e. blockbusters- ii. very successful films
f. fortifications- i. walls or other constructions built to strengthen a place against attack
g. peninsula- vi. an object or structure on land that is easy to see and recognize
h. bustling- vii. full of lively activity
B. We can form adjectives by adding-ing’ or ‘-ed’ at the end of the verbs as in sprawling, bustling and unfolded in the text. Complete the following sentences changing the verb in the brackets into an adjective by adding ‘ing’ or ‘ed’.
a. The children were ..annoyed…. when they missed the beginning of the movie. (annoy)
b. Have you read Agni by Nabarai Lamsal? It’s a great book if you are ..interested...in reading poems. (interest)
c. The result of the game was….surprising…. The best team didn’t win! (surprise)
d. I don’t enjoy going out with Sumi. She’s the most….boring.. person I’ve ever mot. (bore)
e. The students were so …..exciting…when their school decided to take them on a trip. (excite)
f. Angeela was quite …terrified….when she was flying for the first time. (terrify)
g. I love to go to the fairs because they perform very …..interesting… magic. (interest)
C. Match the paragraphs in Reading II with their correct headings.
A. – iv. Rock Climbing
B. – i. Neighboring Mountains
C. – v. Hollywood Star
D. – iii. Guanabara Bay
E. – ii. Awesome Cable Car Ride
D. Answer these questions.
a. Where is Sugarloaf Mountain located?Sugarloaf Mountain is located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
b. How did the mountain get the name ‘Sugarloaf Mountain’?The mountain got the name ‘Sugarloaf Mountain’ due to its unique shape that resembles a traditional form of refined sugar used in the 19th century.
c. Do you think many people can do rock-climbing at a time when they visit the mountain? Why?Many people can do rock climbing at a time when they visit Sugarloaf Mountain. It is one of the largest and most popular urban rock-climbing destinations in the world, with 270 different routes to explore. It offers ample opportunities for climbers to ascend the mountain and enjoy the experience.
d. Which of the sites do you think the children would love to visit? Why?Children would love to visit Morro de Urca, also known as Urca’s mountain, which is one of the neighboring natural wonders. It offers a play area for children and a restaurant that serves delicious dishes, providing a fun and enjoyable experience for young visitors.
e. Name the first film in which Sugarloaf Mountain was featured.The first film in which Sugarloaf Mountain was featured is “Now, Voyager” in 1942, starring Bette Davis.
f. What is historic about Guanabara Bay?Guanabara Bay is historic because it was home to several fortifications built by the colonial government in the 16th century. It holds historical significance in the region.
g. What should you do to enjoy the best scene of Guanabara Bay?To enjoy the best scene of Guanabara Bay, I should take the two cable cars that take me to the summit of Sugarloaf Mountain. From there, I can enjoy stunning views of Rio de Janeiro, including the beautiful natural scenery of Guanabara Bay and the surrounding area.
E. Do you think a visitor should ride the cable cars while visiting the mountain? Why? Which of the facts of Sugarloaf Mountain interested you the most? Give reasons.
Yes, a visitor should definitely ride the cable cars while visiting Sugarloaf Mountain. Riding the cable cars offers a unique and breathtaking experience, providing stunning views of Rio de Janeiro from a height of 1296 feet. The cars themselves are enclosed by glass panels, allowing visitors to enjoy the panoramic scenery while feeling safe and comfortable. Ascending to the summit in the cable cars allows visitors to witness the scenic combination of a bustling city, a tranquil bay, and a sparkling ocean, all in one sweeping view. It is a memorable way to appreciate the beauty of the surroundings and fully immerse oneself in the natural and urban wonders of the area.
A. Complete the following sentences choosing the correct preposition from the brackets.
a. I love to travelling. Therefore, I went to Delhi ….by….(on, by, at) plane last week.
b. Namrata visited Lumbini …in….. (in, since, from) 2002.
c. My best friend lives….in…. (in, at, on) a beautiful house ….across….. (across, at, on) the street.
d. We had to walk ….up to… (until, as far as, up to) the edge of tha desert to find water.
e. The Prime Minister died….of…(from, with, of) a head injury a few days (after, on, at) his accident.
f. My family has been living …in… (on, in, at) Dharan ….for… (since, for, in) two years.
g. I am very pleased..to… (in, with, to) meet you.
h. He is a tall boy ….with….(in, with, on) long brown hair.
i. Guman Singh is a student ..at…(in, on, at) Tribhuvan University.
j. …On…..(on, in, at) November 2, we will start our new semester.
k. I love your house …by…(by, with, at) the river.
l. She misses her grandfather because she has not met him ….for….(in, for, on) ages.
B. Complete the text below the correct prepositions.
I live …..in….Bhairahawa, but every summer I like to travel…to…Pokhara. I am afraid travelling by plane. Last summer I decided I would travel….by… bus. According to the ticket I received…..from….. the travel agency, the bus would leave Pokhara …….at… 9:15pm……on….Friday and arrive …in….. Pokhara the following day at 5:30 …..in the morning. The travel would include boating ….in….Phewa Lake. …..from…. one end of the lake….to….another end. We would also drive ….to….. different beautiful places. It would be really wonderful.
There are many tourist destinations in Nepal. Choose one of them and write a letter or an email to your foreign friend mentioning the interesting facts about the place. Also invite him/her to visit the place.
Subject: Exploring the beauty of Pokhara
I hope this message finds you well. I wanted to share a remarkable tourist destination in Nepal that I believe will enchant you – Pokhara.
Pokhara offers breathtaking landscapes, serene lakes, and warm hospitality. The picturesque Phewa Lake is a sight to behold. Trekking trails like the Annapurna Circuit await adventure enthusiasts, while ancient temples and a vibrant arts scene showcase Nepal’s rich culture.
I invite you to experience the beauty of Pokhara firsthand. Let’s embark on an unforgettable journey together.