Class 10 English guide 2080 unit 14 Expect the Unexpected has the complete exercises and notes. it will be very helpful to the students.
A. Complete the sentences below with the correct words from the text.
a. The village nestled comfortably among the hills.
b. The garden was a riot of colour.
c. Sophie liked cooking, gardening, and painting murals.
d. Prita screamed loudly when she saw the gristly spider on her foot.
e. This is our privilege to study in such a resourceful school.
f. He showed no vestige of regret for his crime.
g. We have been the victim of a computer virus hoax.
h. We were never colonized by any foreign country.
B. Read the text again and find where a traveller can do the following things. Then, put a tick mark (√) in the correct table.
a. Cycle around the village: Chitwan (mentioned as an activity in Chitwan National Park)
b. Visit Durbar squares: Kathmandu (mentions the Durbar Squares as UNESCO World Heritage Sites)
c. Go paragliding: Pokhara (mentions Pokhara as the world’s best paragliding venue)
d. Hang out with local people even at night: Kathmandu (mentions the nightlife in Thamel)
e. Meet sadhus and take photos with them: Kathmandu (mentions encountering genuine sadhus in Pashupatinath Temple)
f. Walk up to the hill and view the Himalayan ranges: Pokhara (mentions walking up to a hill with the World Peace Pagoda for a view of the Himalayan ranges)
g. Watch the sunrise: Pokhara (mentions Sarangkot village as the best place to watch the sunrise across the Annapurna Himalaya)
C. Answer these questions.
a. Mention the three things that amazed the writer in Kathmandu.The three things that amazed the writer in Kathmandu were:
i. The massive size of the city nestled in a green valley surrounded by enormous mountains.
ii. The riot of colors on the street walls with murals depicting symbols, people, animals, and creative images.
iii. The fantastic nightlife in Thamel, an active hub full of life, restaurants, and shops.
b. What indicate that street art is rising in Kathmandu?Murals depicting various images on the street wallsstretching for more than a mile indicate that street art is rising in Kathmandu.
c. Name the two World Heritage Monuments located in Kathmandu.The two World Heritage Monuments located in Kathmandu are: Patan Durbar Square and Pashupatinath Temple
d. How do the Nepalis perceive death, according to the writer?According to the writer, the Nepalis perceive death as an everyday experience. The writer mentions visiting the Pashupatinath Temple, where people bring the dead for outdoor cremation on the Bagmati River. Despite the concept of death, the atmosphere is described as calm, and families holding memorial ceremonies for the deceased perform unique offerings and shaving rituals for male relatives.
e. What two special things does the writer mention about the Pashupatinath Temple?The two special things mentioned about the Pashupatinath Temple are:
Encounter with genuine sadhus dressed in colorful yellow and orange robes with ashes, long hair, and beard.
The opportunity to take photographs with the sadhus.
f. What does Chitwan National Park offer to its visitors?Chitwan National Park offers various jungle activities to its visitors, including Jeep safari, canoeing, jungle walk, cycling around the village, boating and the chance to observe wildlife such as single-horned rhinos, deer, wild boars, monkeys, and countless beautiful birds.
g. Whom does the writer recommend to visit Chitwan?The writer recommends physically active travelers to visit Chitwan National Park.
h. Write any two things that visitors can do in Pokhara. What is Sarangkot known for?Two things that visitors can do in Pokhara are:
i. Trekking (mentioned in relation to the Annapurna range)
ii. Paragliding (mentioned as one of the world’s best paragliding venues)Sarangkot is known for the best place to watch the breathtaking sunrise across the Annapurna Himalay.
i. How did the writer feel when he was leaving Nepal?The writer felt emotional when leaving Nepal and mentioned that if possible, they would love to revisit in a heartbeat. They also mentioned that Nepal is a place that should not be avoided due to media hoaxes, and the writer believes that other western visitors they encountered on the way would agree with them.
D. If you were given the opportunity to visit one of the places mentioned in the text, which one would it be? Give reasons for your choice.If given the opportunity, I would choose to visit Pokhara. The scenic beauty described in the text, with its clean streets, snow-capped mountains, and laid-back atmosphere, creates an inviting and tranquil environment. The presence of Phewa Lake and the breathtaking view of the Annapurna range from vantage points like the World Peace Pagoda add to the allure of the place. Moreover, the adventure opportunities in Pokhara, such as paragliding and trekking, promise exhilarating experiences amidst stunning natural surroundings. However, the highlight for me would undoubtedly be witnessing the awe-inspiring sunrise at Sarangkot, where the snow-capped mountains transform into a palette of vibrant colors. The combination of Pokhara’s natural beauty, adventure possibilities, and the chance to witness such a mesmerizing sunrise make it an irresistible choice for me.
A. Match the sentences with their question tags.
a. They don’t need to come this evening, do they?
b. James is working on that, – isn’t he?
c. Punam’s parents have been retired, -haven’t they?
d. It was raining that day,- wasn’t it?
e. You hadn’t met me before, – had you?
f. He never came again, – did he?
g. She can rarely come these days,- can she?
h. You hardly ever came late,- did you?
i. I barely know you, – do I ?
j. You would scarcely expect her to know that, -would you?
k. Nothing will happen, -will it ?
l. I am right, -aren’t I ?
m. You have to go, -don’t you?
n. I have been answering, -haven’t I ?
o. Nothing came in the post, -did it?
B. Supply the correct question tags.
a. This’ll work,..won’t it…?
b. Well, I couldn’t help it, …could I…?
c. But you don’t really love her, …do you….?
d. We’d never have known,…would we…?
e. The weather’s bad,….isn’t it…..?
f. You won’t be late, ….will you….?
g. Nobody knows, ….do they…. ?
h. You have a bath daily,…don’t you……?
i. You couldln’t help me,…..could you…..?
j. Shut up,…..will you….?
k. She’s been working hard the whole day, ….hasn’t she.. ?
l. He’s admitted to Patan Hospital last night, ..wasn’t he….?
m. You can make it, …..can’t you…..?
n. Don’t forget,….will you….?
n. Let’s have some fun,…shall we…..?
p. Let us chat,..will you.. ?
q. Your phone didn’t break down,….did it….?
Write a short travelogue featuring a place thet you have recently visited. Use the clues given below.
Where did you go?
How did you plan it?
Who did you travel with?
Did you have any special purpose for this travel?
What are some memorable activities and experiences?
Have you learnt anything important?Exploring the Mystical Wonders of Machu Picchu
I recently embarked on a captivating journey to the awe-inspiring ancient citadel of Machu Picchu nestled high in the Andes Mountains of Peru. Months prior to my adventure, I meticulously planned my trip to Machu Picchu, researching the best time to visit and securing permits for the Inca Trail. With a group of adventurous friends by my side, each sharing a love for history, culture, and nature, we set out on this expedition together.
The primary purpose of our travel was to immerse ourselves in the rich history and mystique of Machu Picchu. We sought to connect with the ancient Inca civilization, marvel at their architectural brilliance, and embrace the natural splendor surrounding the site.
Our journey began with a breathtaking hike along the Inca Trail. As we trekked through misty mountains, lush forests, and vibrant meadows, the rugged beauty of the Andes unfolded before us. Ancient ruins, such as Wiñay Wayna, dotted the trail, offering glimpses into the past and deepening our appreciation for the Inca culture.
Reaching Machu Picchu at sunrise was an unforgettable moment. As the first rays of sunlight bathed the stone citadel, its terraces, temples, and intricate stonework emerged from the mist, leaving us in awe of the genius behind its construction. We explored every nook and cranny, climbing to the Sun Gate for a panoramic view and wandering through the Temple of the Sun, the Intihuatana, and the Temple of the Three Windows.
The experience was made even more magical by the presence of llamas and alpacas freely roaming the site. Their curious gazes and gentle demeanor added a touch of charm to the already enchanting atmosphere. Throughout our journey, we indulged in the local cuisine, savoring traditional Peruvian dishes like ceviche, lomo saltado, and quinoa soup. The flavors were as vibrant and diverse as the landscapes we encountered.
This journey to Machu Picchu taught me the importance of preserving our historical and natural heritage. It reminded me that while we explore these magnificent places, we must also tread lightly, respecting and protecting their beauty for future generations. Moreover, the trip emphasized the power of ancient civilizations to inspire and captivate the human spirit. The Inca’s ability to construct such an extraordinary city atop rugged mountain peaks showcased their ingenuity, perseverance, and reverence for the natural world.
As I returned home, I carried with me not only memories of breathtaking vistas and remarkable architecture but also a newfound appreciation for the resilience of the human spirit and the wonders our world has to offer.