Class 10 English guide 2080 unit 3 |A Healthy Diet for a Healthy Life, has the complete exercises and notes. it will be very helpful to the students.
A. Consult a dictionary or the internet and define the following words/phrases.
a. Wonderfood: A term used to describe a food item that is believed to have exceptional nutritional or health benefits.
b. Cardiovascular disease: A group of diseases that affect the heart and blood vessels, including conditions such as heart attacks, stroke, and coronary artery disease.
c. Bioeconomy: An economic system that uses biological resources such as crops, forests, and marine resources to produce goods and services.
d. Demographic change: A shift in the characteristics of a population over time, such as changes in age, gender, race, or ethnic composition.
e. Multidisciplinary approach: An approach to problem-solving or research that involves experts from multiple fields or disciplines working together to achieve a common goal.
f. Economic inequalities: Differences in income, wealth, and access to resources and opportunities that exist between different individuals, groups, or countries.
g. Neurological disorders: A broad category of disorders that affect the nervous system, including conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and epilepsy.
h. Biomarkers: Biological indicators that can be used to measure a particular process or condition in the body, such as the presence of a disease or the effectiveness of a treatment.
B. Complete the sentences below with one of the words in red from the text above.
a. The children were especially delighted that there were enough cookies for each of them to have two.
b. The organization held its annual conference in New York this year. The health ministers of more than forty countries attended it.
c. It is innovation that makes any organization a successful one.
d. Your life changes dramatically if you perform well in your study.
e. Mr. Gurung is leaving the job because of cardiovascular disease.
f. Early diagnosis of a disease helps us to cure it soon.
g. We have faced an unprecedented level of climate change at present.
h. The patient may need blood work or other biomarkers to determine his specific health problem.
i. The world looked for different multidisciplinary approaches to find the solution to COVID-19.
C. Choose the best alternatives to complete the following sentences.
a. The greatest public health challenge at present is ………………….iii. obesity.
b. The Joint Programming Initiative will bring the ………………………iv. Knowledge of member states together.
c. The health care innovation chain begins from ………………….i. researchers.
d. The need behind multidisciplinary approach is ……………………iv. the lack of progress in research and innovation.
e. Through this speech, the speaker wants to ………………….iv. appeal to the members of EU for collaboration for research and innovation.
D. Answer the following questions.
a. What topic is the speaker talking about when she says, “It’s a topic that’s never out of the media…?The speaker is talking about healthy diets and lifestyles.
b. According to the speaker, what is the cause of obesity among children in the EU?The cause of obesity among children in the EU is poor diet and low physical activity.
c. What should people do to prevent themselves from the diseases like type 2 diabetes?People should adopt better lifestyles and healthier diets to prevent themselves from diseases like type 2 diabetes.
d. What is Horizon 2020?Horizon 2020 is a Europe’s 80-billion euro research and innovation program.
e. Why is research very important to fight against the health challenges?Research is very important to fight against the health challenges to benefit all patients, and prevent many people from developing disease the first place.
f. What result can Horizon 2020 give if it is implemented effectively?If implemented effectively, Horizon 2020 can make excellent progress on research and innovation for healthy diets and healthy lives.
g. What results does the speaker expect from the conference?The speaker expects Horizon 2020 to fund the very best research on nutrition, health, diet-related disease, and aging and translate the knowledge gained into innovative and effective products, treatments, services, and strategies to benefit all patients and prevent many people from developing disease in the first place.
h. Do you think that the people of the EU will be benefitted by this conference? If yes, what benefits will they get?Yes, the people of the EU will benefit from this conference. The benefits include better knowledge about how to prevent chronic diseases, innovative and effective products, treatments, services, and strategies, and opportunities for competitive European businesses. E. Draft a short speech entitled, ‘Importance of Exercise for Healthy Life’.
A. Circle the correct words to complete these sentences.
a. The doctor told me do/to do some exercise every day.The doctor told me to do some exercise every day.
b. She said, “Don’t shout / Not to shout.”She said, “Don’t shout.”
c. The doctor forbade me to eat / not to eat junk food.The doctor forbade me to eat junk food.
d. I told her, “To speak /Speak slowly.”I told her, “Speak slowly.”
e. Sumina promised to tell no one /not to tell anyone.Sumina promised not to tell anyone.
f. My mother said, “To get / Get out of bed early.”My mother said, “Get out of bed early.”
g. The mountain guide warned him to take /not to take the oxygen cylinder.The mountain guide warned him not to take the oxygen cylinder.
h. Sugam said to me, “Go/To go home and take a rest.”Sugam said to me, “Go home and take a rest.”
i. He ordered us we go out /to get out of his way.He ordered us to get out of his way.
j. The librarian requested them please do not make /not to make a noise.The librarian requested them not to make a noise.
B. Change the following sentences into indirect speech. Use the reporting verbs in brackets.
a. “Bring some sugar, Punita,” she said. (ask)
She asked Punita to bring some sugar.
b. “You must submit your assignment soon,” the teacher said. (tell)The teacher told us that we had to submit our assignment soon.
c. “Remember to come early, Anu,” he said. (remind)He reminded Anu to come early.
d. “You should see a doctor, Mrs. Tamang,’ he said. (advise)He advised Mrs. Tamang that she should see a doctor.
e. “Keep all the window open, Nona,” my father said. (warn)My father warned Nona to keep all the window open.
f. “Go home, Prashun,” Furba said. (tell)Furba told Prashun to go home.
C. Report the following sentences in direct speech.
a. The hermit said, “Don’t idle away your time.”The hermit told me not to idle away my time.
b. Maan said to his friend, “Please help me with money.”Maan requested his friend to help him with money.
c. “Be not afraid, noble prince”, said the Guru.The Guru told noble prince not to be afraid.
d. He said to me, “Let me do my work.”He told me to let him do his work.
e. The General said to his troops, “Guard the fort.”The General told his troops to guard the fort.
f. Aaswin said to the teacher, “Please excuse me, madam.”Aaswin requested the teacher to excuse him.
g. The guide said to the visitors, “Follow me carefully.”The guide told the visitors to follow him carefully.
h. My teacher said to me, “Don’t look behind.”My teacher told me not to look behind.
i. Mother said to the daughter, “Get ready to receive the guests.”Mother told the daughter to get ready to receive the guests.
j. The boy said to the daughter, “Get ready to receive the guests.”The boy told the daughter to get ready to receive the guests.
k. The teacher said to the boys, “Read silently.”The teacher told the boys to read silently.
l. The coach said, “Let’s play a friendly football match.”The coach suggested us that we should play a friendly football match.
m. The monk said to us, “Give up bad habits.”The monk told us to give up bad habits.
n. Father said to me, “Do not tell a lie.”Father told me not do tell a lie.
Obesity has become a matter of concern in recent years. Draft a speech on obesity based on the given guiding questions.
What are the primary causes of obesity?
What are its consequences?
What should an individual do to avoid it?
Good morning/afternoon, everyone.
Today, I would like to talk about a matter of great concern that has been growing over the past few years – obesity.
Obesity is a condition where a person has an excess amount of body fat, and it has become increasingly common across the globe. In fact, according to recent studies, obesity rates have tripled in the last 50 years.
So, what are the primary causes of obesity? Well, there are a number of factors that contribute to it. One of the most significant is our modern lifestyle, which is largely sedentary. People are spending more time sitting in front of their computers or televisions and less time engaging in physical activities. Another cause of obesity is poor dietary choices. Consuming foods that are high in calories, sugar, and fat can lead to weight gain and obesity. Genetics, certain medical conditions, and medications can also be contributing factors.
The consequences of obesity can be severe and far-reaching. Health problems associated with obesity include heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and some forms of cancer. Furthermore, obese individuals may experience discrimination and face difficulties in their personal and professional lives.
To avoid obesity, individuals can take steps to change their lifestyle and dietary habits. One important step is to engage in regular physical activity, such as taking walks, going to the gym, or participating in sports. Alongside exercise, maintaining a balanced and nutritious diet is essential. A diet high in fruits and vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains can provide the necessary nutrients without excessive calories. Portion control is also important, as overeating can lead to weight gain.
In conclusion, obesity is a growing concern that should not be ignored. By making lifestyle changes, such as increasing physical activity and making healthier dietary choices, individuals can take steps to avoid obesity and its associated health risks. Let’s work together to promote healthy living and fight against obesity. Thank you.