Class 10 English guide 2080 unit 10 The First Olympic Games has the complete exercises and notes. it will be very helpful to the students.
The First Olympic Games
A. Complete the sentences with the words given below.
[exquisite, inherited, underworld, embroidered, stew, decreed, mounted, rejoicing, furious, lush]
a. We are having …..stew.….for lunch today.
b. The demon was sent to the ..underworld…..for his disobedience to the gods.
c. The sleeves of his coat were …embroidered….gold.
d. Smita was absolutely ……furious……..at having been cheated.
e. Her wedding dress was absolutely ….exquisite…
f. The prince….inherited…the kingship after his fathees death.
g. There was a great ….rejoicing…….when the Nepali Football Team won SAFF U-19 championship.
h. The king …..mounted….his horse and rode away from the palace.
i. The government …..decreed….that the following day would be a holiday on the occasion of Eid.
j. It was wonderful to spend a week in the….lush…. countrysida.
B. Write if the following statements are true, false or not given based on the information given in the text.
a. Tantalus’ father Zeus was also half god and half man.NG
b. Tantalus wanted to take revenge with the gods.NG
c. The gods revived pelops to rule in Elis.Fasle
d. Princess Hippodamia was impressed with Pelops at the first sight.True
e. Hippodamia wanted to kill the king so that she could inherit the kingdom.False
f. The Olympic Games were not held for about 1,500 years due to the fear of the earthquake.False
g. In every Olympic Games the torch is carried from Greece.True
C. Answer these questions.
a. Who was Tantalus?Tantalus was a figure from ancient Greek mythology who was half-god and half-human. His father was Zeus, the king of the gods.
b. Why were the gods angry with him?The gods were angry with Tantalus because he decided to kill his son Pelops and serve him as a stew to the gods at a dinner he was hosting.
c. What punishment did gods give Tantalus?As punishment for his crime, the gods sent Tantalus to the underworld where he was made to stand in water up to his neck forever.
d. What special qualities did the horses of the king and Pelops have?The horses given to Pelops by the gods were snow-white and could run faster than the wind. The king’s horses were magical and could run faster than lightning.
e. What was the risk of proposing princess Hippodamia?The risk of proposing to Princess Hippodamia was that if Pelops lost the chariot race against her father, he would be executed.
f. How did the stable boy help pelops win the race?The stable boy helped Pelops win the race by replacing the bronze pins that held the wheels of the king’s chariot with pins made of candle wax. When the race began, the wax melted, causing the wheels to fall off and the king’s chariot to crash, allowing Pelops to win.
g. How did the king die?The king died after the wheels of his chariot flew off during a horse race with Pelops. The wax pins that held the wheels in place had melted in the heat, causing the chariot to crash and the king to be thrown to his death.
h. Why did Pelops and Hippodamia organise a feast?Pelops and Hippodamia organized a feast to celebrate the victory of Pelops in the chariot race against the old king.
i. How did the events of the feast become the Origin of modern Olympic Games?The events of the feast became the origin of the modern Olympic Games because Pelops established a tradition of holding athletic competitions in honor of Zeus, which eventually led to the creation of the Olympic Games.
j. How is the Olympic torch lit?The Olympic torch is lit from the rays of the sun on the Olympic fields in Greece.
D. What is the significance of the Olympic Games in the world today? Discuss.
The Olympic Games have a significant impact on the world today. They bring together people from different countries and cultures in a spirit of friendly competition, promoting international understanding and cooperation. Additionally, the Games inspire millions of people to participate in sports and lead active lives, contributing to physical fitness and healthy lifestyles. The Games also have significant economic and cultural impacts, providing a platform for countries to showcase their cultural heritage and promote tourism. As the Games continue to evolve, their importance in the world will only continue to grow.
A. Complete the text below with present perfect or present perfect continuous tense of verbs in the brackets.
Kaski, Pokhara 21 August Hi Nima!
Just a quick note from Pokhara. We….have been…. here for two days now. We..have been staying… in a hotel in Lakeside since we arrived. By now, we ..have..already. visited… many places of interest here, I feel really excited to be here.We…….. (not be ) to Sarangkot yet. We plan to go there too. I ….have……always….wished… to go paragliding….have been covincing….. my parents for this. How…have you been spending… your holidays? I guess you ..have been visiting…… your grandparents. Please have a great time. We will have great fun back at school.
B. Complete the sentences below with present perfect or resent perfect continuous tense of the verbs given in the brackets.
a. Siddhartha has learned to drive just in ten years.
b. It has been raining all summer. There have been floods and landslides in many places.
Palden: You must have finished the book. I think you have been reading it since last week.
Ricky: No, I haven’t finished it yet. Actually, I started it just yesterday.
d. What have you been cooking for so long?
e. You have promised to help me many times. You really need to help me today..
f. The children have their exams next week. So they have been preparing a lot.
g. The film is really wonderful. Have you watched it yet?
h. Sitaram has been painting his house all day. He has not finished it yet.
i. Finally, they have fixed the leakage in their roof.
j. I am so tired now. I have worked hard lately..
A. Read the following paragraph about d popular footballer and answer the questions.
a. Which sentence is the topic sentence of the paragraph?The topic sentence of the paragraph is “English footballer David Beckham became a popular player in the late 1990s.”
b. Are the other sentences related to the topic sentence?Yes, the other sentences in the paragraph are related to the topic sentence. They provide additional information about Beckham’s popularity, his skills as a player, his leadership qualities, and his achievements.
c. Which sentence condudes the paragraph?The sentence that concludes the paragraph is “He is still loved by many even after his retirement.”
d. Are the topic and concluding sentences similar or different?The topic and concluding sentences are different. The topic sentence introduces the main idea of the paragraph, which is Beckham’s popularity, while the concluding sentence summarizes the paragraph by stating that he is still loved by many even after his retirement.
B. Write a similar paragraph about your favourite player. Mark the topic, supporting and concluding sentences in your paragraph.
One of my favorite football players is Lionel Messi. Messi is an Argentine professional footballer who currently plays for Paris Saint-Germain Football Club in France. He rose to fame as a player of Barcelona Football Club in Spain, where he spent most of his career. Messi is widely regarded as one of the greatest football players of all time. He has won numerous awards throughout his career, including seven Ballon d’Or awards, which is given to the best player in the world. Messi is known for his incredible dribbling skills, agility, and accurate finishing ability. He is also a great team player who is able to set up goals for his teammates. Even though Messi has faced several challenges throughout his career, he has remained humble and dedicated to the sport. Messi is loved and respected by many fans all over the world.
Topic Sentence: One of my favorite football players is Lionel Messi.
Supporting Sentences: Messi is an Argentine professional footballer who currently plays for Paris Saint-Germain Football Club in France. He rose to fame as a player of Barcelona Football Club in Spain, where he spent most of his career. Messi is widely regarded as one of the greatest football players of all time. He has won numerous awards throughout his career, including seven Ballon d’Or awards, which is given to the best player in the world. Messi is known for his incredible dribbling skills, agility, and accurate finishing ability. He is also a great team player who is able to set up goals for his teammates. Even though Messi has faced several challenges throughout his career, he has remained humble and dedicated to the sport.
Concluding Sentence: Messi is loved and respected by many fans all over the world.