Class 10 English guide 2080 unit 16 Walt Disney An Example of Struggle & Success has the complete exercises and notes. it will be very helpful to the students.
A. Use the correct words/ phrases given below to complete the sentences.
a. Kisan had to sell his house to keep his business afloat.
b. He was accused of plotting the robbery of the bank.
c. Scientists are trying to harness the sun’s rays as a new source of energy.
d. Many companies went bankrupt during the economic depression.
e. Courage and perseverance are the keys to success in life.
f. The government had mounting pressure from the public to withdraw the bill.
g. After his graduation, he worked as an apprentice electrician in a company..
h. The government spent a colossal amount of money on the renovation of the historical buildings.
i. Kathy was brought up by an unkind domineering stepmother.
j. Patrick took solace in the company of his mates.
B. Find the meaning of the following phrases/idioms from a dictionary and use them in sentences of your own.
a. make ends meet – to have enough money to cover one’s expenses or to make a living.
Example sentence: Despite having a low-paying job, Sarah managed to make ends meet by budgeting carefully and cutting down on unnecessary expenses.
b. silver lining – It refers to a positive aspect or a hopeful outlook in a challenging or negative situation.
Example sentence: Although Jack lost his job, the silver lining was that it gave him the opportunity to explore a new career path.
c. nervous breakdown – It is a state of severe mental or emotional distress, often resulting in the inability to function normally.
Example sentence: The stress from work and personal issues became too overwhelming for Sarah, and she eventually suffered a nervous breakdown.
d. kick in the teeth – to experience a sudden and unexpected setback or disappointment.
Example sentence: After years of hard work, getting rejected for the job was a real kick in the teeth for Mark.
e. drop out – to quit or withdraw from a course, program, or activity before completing it.
Example sentence: Due to financial constraints, Jane had to drop out of college in her second year.
f. set off – to start a journey or to begin a particular course of action.
Example sentence: We set off on our road trip early in the morning to avoid the traffic.
C. The following sentences represent some events in Disney’s life. Study and rewrite them in the chronological order.
a. Disney left home and went to France to work as an ambulance driver.
b. He returned to Chicago and worked as a trainee at an art studio.
c. The cartoon company collapsed.
d. He created the characters, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit and Mickey Mouse.
e. Disney suffered severe mental and emotional illness.
f. He shifted his focus from big screens to television shows.
g. He successfully founded the famous Disneyland.
D. Answer these questions.
a. How was Walt Disney’s childhood?Walt Disney’s childhood was challenging, marked by financial struggles, an allegedly abusive father, and the departure of his older brothers. He found solace in drawing and eventually pursued a career in art and animation.
b. Describe Disney’s family background.Disney came from a family of five siblings, with him being the fourth son. His father, Elias Disney, was described as domineering and allegedly abusive. The family faced financial difficulties, as Elias struggled to support them. Walt Disney’s older brothers each left home one by one to escape their father. This family background influenced Walt’s upbringing and ultimately shaped his life and career.
c. What did Disney do after his failure in the first business?After his failure in the first business and his unsuccessful attempt at acting in Los Angeles, Disney convinced his brother Roy to join him in California to set up an animation studio. They established their first major success with the creation of Oswald the Lucky Rabbit.
d. How was the character of Mickey Mouse created?The character of Mickey Mouse was created by Walt Disney on the train ride back to California after he discovered that he had lost the rights to Oswald the Lucky Rabbit.
e. Why did Disney have a mental breakdown?Disney’s mental breakdown was caused by a combination of factors, including work-related stress, tensions with his employer, who stole his best animator, and the overall challenges of keeping his business afloat.
f. Which of his films were commercially useless?The films “Pinocchio” (1940), “Fantasia” (1940), and “Bambi” (1942) were commercially useless.
g. Which films produced him great financial returns?Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs produced him great financial returns.
h. Why do you think the opening of Disneyland was called ‘Black Sunday’?The opening of Disneyland was called “Black Sunday” due to the challenges and difficulties that occurred on that day. These challenges included forged tickets, long lines, extremely high temperatures, melting asphalt, malfunctioning rides, and non-functional drinking fountains. The term “Black Sunday” was used by critics to describe the chaotic and problematic opening of the park.
i. What special quality of Disney made him finally a successful entrepreneur?The special quality of Disney that made him a successful entrepreneur is his determination and perseverance.
j. What lesson do you learn from Disney’s life?Disney’s life teaches us the power of perseverance and determination. Through his setbacks and failures, he never gave up, pushing forward with unwavering ambition. His creative vision and attention to detail brought forth timeless creations, inspiring generations to dream big. From Disney, we learn that with resilience and a strong vision, we can overcome obstacles and achieve greatness.
E. Who has inspired you significantly in your life? Share her/his life story to the class.One such person is Mahabir Pun, a notable figure and social entrepreneur who has made significant contributions to bridging the digital divide in rural areas of the country. He has played a significant role in bridging the digital divide in remote areas. Through the Nepal Wireless Networking Project, he brought internet connectivity to rural communities, transforming education, healthcare, and economic opportunities. His work has inspired many and exemplifies the power of grassroots innovation.
A. Choose the correct prepositions and complete the sentences.
a. A: When did you reach school?
B: I reached sometime ….between… 9:00 to 9:15 am.
i. at ii. between iii. on iv. next to
b. I usually stay in my office …from…. 10 am to 4 pm.
i. at iii. in iv. from
c. You should finish your test….in…. next 30 minutes.
i. at ii. by iii. in iv. of
d. Noor worked in the hotel….until… 2010.
i. for iii. until iv. by
e. I have been looking …..for…..my spectacles. I don’t remember where I kept them.
i. of ii. to iii. at iv. for
f. Mr. Shahi has ten members working ……under…..him.
i. under ii. above iii. beside iv. on
g. There is a knock ….at.. the door, Who can be calling us now?
i. on ii. at iii. in iv. for
h. Kritlka is….in…..her twenties.
i. on ii. in iii. at iv. during
i. There is a great deal …..of….. violence in some countries.
i. of ii. for iii. at iv. about
j. Their discussion turned ….into….an unpleasant quarrel.
i. to iii. into iii. on iv. onto
B. Complete the sentences with in, on, or at.
a. Water boils …at…..100 degrees Celsius.
b. Last year, we went …on….. a trip to National Botanical Garden, Godawari from our school.
c. Can you turn the light on, please? I don’t want to sit …in… the dark.
d. She was married …at….. the young age of 20.
e. Science and technolcgy has developed ….at…. a great pace.
f. ….In……. my opinion, violent films should be banned for children.
g. I heard the news ..on… the radio this morning.
h. My father is not at home ……at…. the moment.
A. Imagine that your school football team has won the title of Football Tournament’ organised by the District Sports Development Committee. Write a message of congratulation to the team on behalf of the school to appear on the school notice board.Hearty Congratulations!
We extend our heartfelt congratulations to our school football team on winning the prestigious Football Tournament organized by the District Sports Development Committee!
We are extremely delighted and proud of your hard work, dedication, and outstanding performance throughout the tournament. Not only have the team brought home the trophy, but the team’s success has also earned the well-deserved cash prizes. This recognition further emphasizes the talent and skill that the team possesses.
We wish our team continued success and memorable experiences in their future endeavors. May this win inspire all the players, and coaching staff to aim higher, and reach for greater heights![School Name]
B. Your maternal uncle has recently been promoted to the post of Inspector of Nepal Police. Write a letter of congratulation extending him your best wishes.
I hope this letter finds you in good health and high spirits. I was delighted to hear the wonderful news of your recent promotion to the post of Inspector of Nepal Police. Please, accept my heartfelt congratulations on this significant achievement.
Your dedication, hard work, and unwavering commitment to upholding justice and ensuring the safety of our community have truly paid off. It is an honor for our family to have someone as accomplished and respected as you in the Nepal Police force. Your promotion is a testament to your professionalism, leadership skills, and outstanding performance in your field.
I am certain that you will excel in your new role as an Inspector. Your expertise, experience, and ability to handle the complex situations will undoubtedly make a positive impact on the police force and the people you serve. I have no doubt that you will continue to inspire and motivate your colleagues, while ensuring the safety and well-being of the citizens of Nepal.
On this special occasion, I extend my heartfelt best wishes to you. May your journey as an Inspector be filled with success, fulfillment, and personal growth.
Once again, congratulations on your well-deserved promotion, and may you continue to achieve great success in your career.